The Federal TRiO programs are educational opportunity outreach programs designed to motivate and support students from disadvantaged backgrounds. TRiO includes eight outreach programs targeted to serve and assist low-income, first-generation college students, and students with disabilities to progress through the academic pipeline from middle school to baccalaureate programs. The term “TRIO” was coined in the late 1960’s to describe the original three programs which are Educational Talent Search, Upward Bound, and Student Support Services.